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The Making of a Cybertariat: Virtual Work in a Real World


Paperback, 208 pages
ISBN: 1-58367-088-2
Released: July 2003

The workplace has been changed in recent decades by the rise of digital technologies. Parts of a single labor process can be moved around the world, with implications not only for individual workplaces or firms, but for the working class as a whole. Computer operators in India process medical transcriptions for doctors in the United States at one-eighth of what U.S. computer operators would earn, and at four times the salary of an Indian schoolteacher.

Within advanced capitalist countries, the workplace has been made more “flexible” through cellphones, e-mail, freelancing, and outsourcing. The same process often makes the situation of the worker more precarious, as they are forced to pay for the tools of their trade, made constantly accessible to the demands of the workplace, and isolated from their fellow-workers.

Huws’ Making of a Cybertariat examines this process from a number of perspectives. It focuses especially on women in the workplace and at home. It examines changing categories of employment, and modes of organization. It shows how new divisions of race and gender are created in the process, and sets out an agenda for negotiating them. It explores the ways in which traditional forms of organization are being reshaped, and questions how the emerging cybertariat can become conscious of their common interests and stand together to struggle for them.

The Making of a Cybertariat is both a testament to the author’s remarkable record in the politics of technology over several decades, and a vital resource for grasping ongoing controversies in this field.

These essays chart the transformation of work and technology with an acute theoretical originality. Ursula Huws has the rare ability to cut through existing abstract models with a clarity based on an immense practical understanding. The implications of The Making of a Cybertariat are far reaching in rethinking a radical strategy for the future.

—Sheila Rowbotham, author of Promise of a Dream, Women, Resistance, and Revolution and Hidden from History

The moments when a fresh impulse is given to the social sciences by an original spirit deserve to be celebrated, and making the feminist political economy of Ursula Huws available to a wider public is such a moment.

—Colin Leys, emeritus professor of Queen’s University, Ontario

Author of Market-Driven Politics

Ursula Huws is without peer as an analyst of life in contemporary capitalism. Her range of knowledge and experience is breathtaking. . . . Her ability to understand the revolution in microeletronic technology and connect it to the transformations of work, the restructuring of gender and class, and the commodification of every facet of social life exemplifies what feminist political economy can do at its very best. . . . Not only a truly educational experience but also a thoroughly enjoyable one.

—Leo Panitch, Canada Research Chair in Comparative Political Economy York University, Toronto

Huws is in the myth-busting business. She does it with razor-sharp analysis and wit.

—Joan Greenbaum, professor of Computer Information Systems, LaGuardia Community College and author of Windows on the Workplace


Foreword by Colin Leys


  1. New Technology and Domestic Labor
  2. Domestic Technology: Liberation or Enslavement?
  3. Terminal Isolation: The Atomization of Work and Leisure in the Wired Society
  4. The Global Office: Information technology and the Relocation of White Collar Work
  5. Challenging Commodification: Producing Usefulness Outside the Factory
  6. Women’s Health at Work
  7. Telework: Projections
  8. The Fading of the Collective Dream: Reflections on Twenty Years of Research on Women and Technology
  9. Material World: The Myth of the Weightless Economy
  10. The Making of a Cybertariat: Virtual Work in a Real World
  11. Who’s Waiting?: The Contestation of Time



The essays in The Making of a Cybertariat previously appeared in the following publications:

“Domestic Technology: Liberation or Enslavement?” Scarlet Women, No. 14, January 1982.

“Terminal Isolation: The Atomization of Work and Leisure in the Wired Society,” Making Waves, Radical Science 16, Winter/Spring 1985.

“The Global Office: Information technology and the Relocation of White Collar Work,” Third World Trade and Technology Conference Papers, Third World Information Network, 1985.

“Challenging Commodification: Producing What’s Useful Outside the Factory,” Very Nice Work If You Can Get It, Spokesman, 1985.

“Women, Health, and Work,” Silent Health, Camerawork, 1990.

“Telework: Projections,” Futures, January 1991.

“Material World: The Myth of the Weightless Economy,” Socialist Register 1999, Merlin Press/Monthly Review Press.

“The Making of a Cybertariat: Virtual Work in a Real World,” Socialist Register 2001, Merlin Press/Monthly Review Press.

Ursula Huws is Professor of International Labor Studies at the Working Lives Research Institute at London Metropolitan University. She is also the director of research consultancy Analytica and has been an activist and commentator on labor and technology issues since the 1970s. Her writings have appeared in the Socialist Register, Z Magazine, and The New Statesman.

SKU: mrp0882 Categories: , Tag:

Publication Date: July 2003

Number of Pages: 208

Paperback ISBN: 9781583670880