Released: May 2000
This story of the birth and infancy of the United Auto Workers, told by two participants, shows how the gains workers made were neither easy nor inevitable—not automatic—but required strategic and tactical sophistication as well as concerted action.
Sol Dollinger recounts how workers, especially activists on the political left, created an auto union and struggled with one another over what shape the union should take. In an oral history conducted by Susan Rosenthal, Genora Johnson Dollinger tells the gripping tale of her role in various struggles, both political and personal.
Sol Dollinger’s remembrance of UAW’s early days are juicy and provocative. His recall of those goofy internecine political battles within the union is tragic-comic. Yet they, united, even though hollering at each other, made GM, Ford, et al, recognize the union. The sequence involving Genora Johnson Dollinger, the heroine of the 1937 sit-down strike, is deeply moving and inspiring.
Should be read by every labor person who takes the principles of trade union history seriously. [Not Automatic] brings the history of the UAW up for a new survey of the events to include the men and women who would otherwise be unsung heroes or written out of history totally.
Foreword by Kim Moody
Part I. Organizing the Auto Industry and the Rise of Walter Reuther, 1934-1941
- The Toledo Auto-Lite Strike, 1934
- The Toledo Chevrolet Transmission Strike, 1935
- Homer Martin Leads the UAW
- Factional Warfare Breaks Out, 1937-1938
- A Program for Peace
- R.J. Thomas Elected Leader as Recession and War Preparation Hit
- The UAW Organizes the Ford Motor Company, 1940-1941
- Equality of Sacrifice?
- Anti-Union Forces Take Revenge
- Briggs and the Mafia
- Reuther Slams the Door on Union Democracy
Part II. Oral History
- Striking Flint: Genora Dollinger Remembers the 1937 Sit-Down
Part III. Putting the Record Straight
- Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval
- Who Led the Flint Sit-Downs to Victory?: On the Rewriting of History