Top Menu

The Liberal Virus: Permanent War and the Americanization of the World


Paperback, 144 pages
ISBN: 1-58367-107-2
Released: June 2004

Samir Amin’s ambitious new book argues that the ongoing American project to dominate the world through military force has its roots in European liberalism, but has developed certain features of liberal ideology in a new and uniquely dangerous form. Where European political culture since the French Revolution has given a central place to values of equality, the American state has developed to serve the interests of capital alone, and is now exporting this model throughout the world. American imperialism, Amin argues, will be far more barbaric than earlier forms, pillaging natural resources and destroying the lives of the poor.

The Liberal Virus examines the ways in which the American model is being imposed on the world, and outlines its economic and political consequences. It shows how both citizenship and class consciousness are diluted in “low-intensity democracy” and argues instead for democratization as an ongoing process—of fundamental importance for human progress—rather than a fixed constitutional formula designed to support the logic of capital accumulation.

In a panoramic overview, Amin examines the objectives and outcomes of American policy in the different regions of the world. He concludes by outlining the challenges faced by those resisting the American project today: redefining European liberalism on the basis of a new compromise between capital and labor, re-establishing solidarity among the people of the South, and reconstructing an internationalism that serves the interests of regions that are currently divided against each other.

Amin is both a real-world social scientist and a revolutionary socialist.

—Review of Radical Political Economy


  1. The Liberal Vision of Society
  2. The Ideological and Para-Theoretical Foundations of Liberalism
  3. The Consequences: Really Existing Globalized Liberalism
  4. The Origins of Liberalism
  5. The Challenge of Liberalism Today



Samir Amin is director of the Third World Forum in Dakar, Senegal. His numerous works include Accumulation on a World Scale, Unequal Development, and Specters of Capitalism.

Publication Date: May 2004

Number of Pages: 144

Paperback ISBN: 9781583671078